28east

Politics, religion, and culture where East meets West

Posts Tagged ‘generals

“A new era of repressive authoritarianism”

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The Changing Objects of Fear: The Arrest of İlker Başbuğ
Gareth H. Jenkins; Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Silk Road Studies Program; Jan. 9, 2012

In the early hours of January 6, 2012, General İlker Başbuğ, who served as chief of the Turkish General Staff from 2008 to 2010, was arrested and imprisoned on allegations of “founding or directing an armed terrorist organization” and “inciting the overthrow of the government of the Turkish Republic or the prevention of it fulfilling its duties.” …

… in today’s Turkey it is not the military but the Gülen Movement that people need to fear.

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Written by M. James

January 14, 2012 at 12:47 am

An “internal affair”

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Turn the clock back three months. From this post, here was my take on Turkish-Syrian relations:

If Turkey is to “trust the masses” and maintain its role as a supporter of the Arab Awakening, it cannot support a Syrian regime that appears to oppress its citizens, and it must sell al-Assad’s government short—in spite of recent amicability—to retain its legitimacy.

To be sure, Turkish-Syrian relations have had their sharp ups and downs between then and now, but the conclusion is still the same. And Turkey may have finally vocalized that real trouble is brewing for the Syrian regime:

“This is our final word to the Syrian authorities: Our first expectation is that these operations stop immediately and unconditionally,” Mr. Davutoglu said at a news conference in Ankara, the Turkish capital. “If the operations do not end, there would be nothing more to discuss about steps that would be taken,” he said, without saying what that action might include.

And, given the extensive border between the two countries, Erdoğan has claimed that the happenings in Syria are—in fact—”internal affairs” for Turkey. Even more audacious:

“We have to listen to the voices from over there, we hear them, and of course we will act accordingly,” Mr Erdogan said.

But why the dilly-dallying so far? Because—Turkey has been strategically waiting for Aleppo and, ideally, Damascus, to join the unrest. Without Aleppo and/or Damascus supporting a Turkish invasion, the legitimacy of intervention is questionable. It would be an enormous risk for Turkey to intervene on a stalwart Assad with a peaceful Aleppo and Damascus, and with an indecisive (and apparently confused) international community as backup. And what about Turkey’s military capacity since the resignation of the generals? The word “demoralization” has been thrown around frequently since then. Can Turkey even project power with its military at the moment?

If Turkey chooses not to invade, though, Ankara’s bold words and professed morals will ring false in the ears of the world. Damascus will grin. Riyadh will frown. The West will continue its finger-wagging. Erdoğan knows this more than anyone.

So don’t be surprised if Turkey begins addressing its “internal affairs” in the near future.

Written by M. James

August 15, 2011 at 9:50 pm

Normalization, democratization, or Islamization?

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Friday’s resignation of Chief of General Staff Gen. Işık Koşaner can be—and has been—interpreted in countless ways, ranging from hopeful to ominous.

Aljazeera

Hürriyet (I, II)

NY Times

For the “ominous,” take a peek at the comments section on the Times article. Some are even worth a chuckle.

So, which is it? Normalization, democratization, or Islamization?

Well, why not all three?

Written by M. James

July 30, 2011 at 11:38 pm